The Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 1 and 2 (ICND1) are the exams associated with the Cisco Certified Entry Network Technician certification and a tangible first step, second being ICND2, in achieving the Cisco Certified Network Associate certification. Candidates can prepare for this exam by taking the Interconnecting CiscoNetworking Devices Part 1 and 2 (ICND1) courses. These exams tests a candidate’s knowledge and skills required to successfully install, operate, and troubleshoot a small branch office network. Exam 1 includes topics on networking fundamentals; connecting to a WAN; basic security and wireless concepts; routing and switching fundamentals; the TCP/IP and OSI models; IP addressing; WAN technologies; operating and configuring IOS devices; configuring RIPv2, static and default routing; implementing NAT and DHCP; and configuring simple networks. Exam 2 tests a candidate’s knowledge and skills required to successfully install, operate, and troubleshoot a small branch office network. The exam covers topics on extending switched networks with VLANs; VLSM and IPv6 addressing; the VTP, RSTP, OSPF and EIGRP protocols; determining IP routes; configuring, verifying and troubleshooting VLANs; managing IP traffic with access lists; NAT and DHCP; establishing point-to-point connections and establishing Frame Relay connections.